Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Jatropha curcas (jatropha); leaves and flowers. Naturally, capsules split open when ripe to eject seeds some distance, though gravity may be more important on sloped sites. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Asian Biotechnology and Development Review, 8(2):11-29. http://www.ris.org.in/, Weiss E, 1989. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Stone BC, 1970. J. curcas has received most attention recently for its perceived potential as a future ‘miracle’ crop, as a source of biofuels, though in reality, there are few accurate and detailed reports that quantify the actual economic benefits that can be accrued (e.g. Swarbrick J T, 1997. Washington, DC, USA: USDA, Low T, Booth C, 2007. Jatropha. Quart., 20(4):302-303, Swarbrick JT, 1997. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Biofuels: an opportunity for socio-economic development and cleaner environment. Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers, Bridgemohan P, Bridgemohan RSH, 2014. Foto n. 119316 - médicinier (Jatropha curcas) Leaves and fruit at Kahikinui, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Many pests were recorded by Shanker and Dhyani (2006), including Pachycoris klugii, Agonosoma trilineatum, Scutellera nobilis [Scutellera perplexa], Pempelia morosalis, Stomphastis thraustica [Stomphastis plectica], Achaea janata and Oxycetonia versicolor, while Stegodyphus sp., Pseudotelenomus pachycoris [Telenomus pachycoris], Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae and Leptoglossus zonatus are some of their biological control agents. Washington, USA: USGPO, Ahmedullah M, Nayar MP, 1987. Physic nut. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) - Botanik, +kologie, Anbau. Martin and Mayeux (1984) identified Ceara, Brazil, as a centre of origin, but Dehgan and Webster (1979) cite Wilbur (1954) that “it was without doubt part of the flora of Mexico and probably of northern Central America before the arrival of Cortez, and it most likely originated there ... the subsection, hence, appears to be one which originally was nearly or completely restricted to Mexico.” According to Aponte (1978), J. curcas is native to Central America as well as to Mexico, where it occurs naturally in the forests of coastal regions. PhD. Jatropha curcas, commonly called purging nut, Barbados nut or physic nut, is a dioecious small tree or large shrub that grows to 20’ tall. Pax]) to be the most primitive form of the Jatropha genus. Jatropha curcas - an undemanding plant for biodiesel production: nut-oil to biodiesel. According to Corr ell and Correll (1982), curcas is the Jatropha curcas L. Physic nut. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International. 1]; 10 pp. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. In: Agnote (Darwin), Darwin, Australia: Department of Industries and Fisheries, Northern Territory. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 81(2):349-367, Dehgan B, Webster GL, 1979. Jatropha curcas (common names: Jatropha, physic nut, and purging nut) is a promising crop for the generation of biodiesel. Springfield, I, USA: C.C. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. UniversitT de Paris, FacultT de Pharmacie, Paris, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2007. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry, 18(2):75-81. http://faculty.etsu.edu/goyal/journals/ijab/index.html, Lindley J, 1921. The rapid spread of J. curcas in natural forests is a problem in many areas through damaging the natural flora. Plant Division: Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon) Plant Growth Form: Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub: Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial: Mode of Nutrition: Common names: Physic Nut, Jatropha, Jamal ghota... Its a shrub around 3 m high. In: Tropicos database, St. Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Maple-like, 3-5 lobed, pale green leaves (to 6” wide) are cordate at the bases. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Lifecycle and rearing of the shield-backed bug Pachycoris klugii in Nicaragua (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Biomass and Bioenergy, 35(1):74-79. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09619534, Goswami A, 2006. [ed. Missao de Estudos Agron=micos do Ultramar (Junta de Investigatao do Ultramar). The oil can be combusted as fuel without being refined. II. Locally, vehicles and machinery aid the spread of Jatropha through the movement of capsules and seed, vegetative parts of the plant, and soil containing seeds. The PLANTS Database. Ultramar. Pl. Serra M C P, 1950. Major medicinal plants. Jatropha curcas toxicity: identification of toxic principle(s). Flore illustree du senegal. Curcas indica A.Rich. The PLANTS Database. Seedlings and juvenile Jatropha are easily removed by hand, but cut portions and hand-pulled plants should be kept out of contact with moist soil or regrowth may occur. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 104552) with original publication details: Sp. Flora of China Web. 66 pp. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Suitability of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) as single host plant for the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus Dallas (Het., Coreidae). Common name; English: ... Media in category "Jatropha curcas" The following 183 files are in this category, out of 183 total. Jatropha curcas (jatropha); immature green and maturing yellow fruits. Natural Resources Forum, 29(1):12-24, Freitas AS Barjona de, 1906. St Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Entomologia Generalis, 22(3/4):211-221; 18 ref, Grimm C, Somarriba A, 1999. Allelopathic studies conducted to evaluate the effects of different parts of J. curcas on germination and seedling vigour of different medicinal herbs revealed that J. curcas can damage the biodiversity of Chhattisgarh, India. Species in other sections evolved from the physic nut or another ancestral form, with changes in growth habit and flower structures. In good moisture conditions, germination occurs in 10 days (Heller, 1996). Registered, selective herbicides for on-ground application of J. gossypiifolia in Australia are metsulfuron-methyl and fluroxypyr. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Dehra Dun, India, 142-150, McVaugh R, 1945. Texas, USA: Sci. Minor forest products of India. It can also be reproduced artificially via cuttings and tissue culture.Physiology and PhenologySukarin et al. Stanford, USA: Stanford University Press, Wiggins IL, Porter DM, 1971. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). This may cause further damage to ecosystems and natural biodiversity. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Soon after development of the first true leaves, the cotyledons wither and fall off. Curcas curcas publ Curcas drastica Mart. 5. Lab. Karyology of Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae) in Thailand. Other Jatropha species in the section Curcas include: J. pseudo-curcas, J. afrocurcas, J. macrophylla, J. villosa (syn. Bishop Museum Bull., 220:165, Anon, 2007. [English title not available]. A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. [ed. Journal, 6(1/2):28-34, Soontornchainaksaeng P, Jenjittikul T, 2003. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Science (Washington), 313(5794):1742. http://www.sciencemag.org, Raju AJS, Ezradanam V, 2002. Stipules small; petioles 6-18 cm; leaf blade rotund to ovate, 7-18 × 6-16 cm, papery, nitid green and glabrous adaxially, gray-green and along nerves puberulent to glabrous abaxially, base cordate, apex acute; palmate veins 5-7. 2. Guide to Plants Tolerant of Arid and Semi-arid Conditions: Nomenclature and Potential Uses. The PLANTS Database. Wani et al. For further information on the uses of J. curcas see: Persinos et al., 1964; Wang and Huffman, 1981; Banerji et al., 1985; Ben Salem and Palmberg, 1985; Shelke et al., 1985; Mathur, 1986; Srivastava, 1986; Budowski, 1987; Anon., 1988; Paroda and Mal, 1989; Sherchan et al., 1989; Thomas, 1989; Weiss, 1989; Cabral, 1991; Roorda, 1991; Jones and Miller, 1992; Sauerwein et al., 1993; Solsoloy, 1993; Oudhia and Tripathi, 2002. The genus comprises about 180 species, most of them in warm temperate and subtropical regions and the seasonally dry tropics.Dehgan and Webster (1979) revised the subdivision made by Pax (1910) and now distinguish two subgenera (Curcas and Jatropha) of the genus Jatropha, with 10 sections and 10 subsections to accommodate the Old and New World species. BioEnergy Research, 8(2):570-580. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12155-014-9544-3, Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A, 2009. Pharmacognostic studies on 'Dravanti'. Contributions toward a monograph of neotropical Jatropha: phenetic and phylogenetic analyses. Synonyms. 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. Jatropha yucatanensis Briq.. Manihot curcas (L.) Crantz. New records of fungi from India. 7 pp. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. It is also very drought tolerant and can withstand slight frost (Orwa et al., 2009). Single plants of J. curcas should be dug out and burnt, taking care to remove as much of the tuberous roots as possible (Crothers, 1998). http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Grierson AJC, Long DG, 1987. Jatropha curcas is a flowering plant that is native to Central America, Mexico, South America, and other tropical locales. Japan Agric. http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf, Kar AK, Ashok Das, 1988. Jatropha curcas (Linnaeus); commonly referred to as Barbados nut, it is a perennial shrub or small tree belonging to the plant family Euphorbiaceae.The genus name Jatropha is derived from two Greek words jatr’os (doctor) and troh’e (food), indicating its valuable use in traditional medicine. Bot., 18(4):329-341, Phillips S, 1975. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 10(1):107, Morton JF, 1977. Kairo et al. Stockholm, Sweden: Impensis Laurentii Salvii, 1006-1007, Little EL Jr, Woodbury RO, Wadsworth FH, 1974. Tome II Connaracees a Euphorbiacees)., Dakar, Gouvrenement du Senegal, Ministrere du Development Rural et del' Hyraulique, Direction des Eaux et forets. Flora of the Galapagos Islands. Pandey et al. ; [10 pl., 1 fig., 1 map, ^italic~Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops^roman~ No. (Flore illustree du senegal. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 25(4):130-138. http://www.pustaka-deptan.go.id/publication/p3254063.pdf, Anon, 1979. The seed-borne fungi attacking J. curcas seed in India were recorded by Anitha et al. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. - Now pan tropic. J. curcas is in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, which is a pantropical family including 228 genera and over 6500 species of trees and shrubs (The Plant List, 2013). 3 (17), 9, 16. Flora of Taiwan. Indian Forester, 132(6):763-766. http://www.indianforester.org, Anitha K, Chakrabarty SK, Sunil N, Rao RDVJP, Varaprasad KS, Khetarpal RK, 2005. Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav. Jatropha curcas cultivation can produce oil that is a good substitute for current biofuels. Population dynamics of true bugs (Heteroptera) in physic nut (Jatropha curcas) plantations in Nicaragua. Guam: University of Guam. Biological Invasions, 17(1):149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html, Roorda FA, 1991. Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 2nd, A, 147 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Estimation of genetic relationship in germplasm Jatropha curcas L. based on peroxidase enzyme activity. Tolerates drought. They postulated the physic nut (Jatropha curcas L. [sect. Jatropha seed oils for energy. It can be cultivate in stony, gradient sandy oil and in the land of tiny deepness. Assessing the invasive potential of biofuel species proposed for Florida and the United States using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment. Darwin, Australia: Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Northern Territory of Australia, Dehgan B, Schutzman B, 1994. Ltd, Kumar RV, Tripathi YK, Yadav VP, Ahlawat SP, Gupta VK, 2005. Dissertation. 27. Flowers, stems and leaves have medicinal properties. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific islands (SPREP Member Countries). Oil gloom to oil boom. by Witt A, Luke Q]. Tolerates average to poor soils. It is very profitable crop. Male flowers: sepals 5, approximately 4 mm, connate at base; petals oblong, green-yellow, approximately 6 mm, connate to middle, hairy inside; disk glands 5, nearly terete; stamens 10; outer 5 filaments free, inner filaments connate in lower part. Thomas, Negussie A, Achten WMJ, Aerts R, Norgrove L, Sinkala T, Hermy M, Muys B, 2013. Nashik, India: Shree Offset Press, Caius JF, 1986. Jatropha curcas oil: a substitute for diesel engine oil. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. J. curcas is poisonous to livestock and to people if seeds of J. curcas are consumed (Makkar and Becker, 1998), and overdoses cause severe diarrhoea and possible death. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. It contains approximately 170 species of succulent plants, shrubs and trees (some are deciduous, like Jatropha curcas). It is native to Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean, but has been widely planted throughout the tropics for a number of commercial uses, perhaps now most predominately for production of biofuel. Plants for reclamation of wastelands. Flora of the Galapagos Islands. ^italic~Jatropha curcas^roman~ L., 66 pp. Its usefulness has been challenged, but it is true the plant can produce seeds with an oil content of 37%. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Francis G, Edinger R, Becker K, 2005. II, 1987 Effect of green manure on rice production. PAC Occasional Paper - Pakhribas Agricultural Centre, No. The Northern Territory Noxious Weeds Act. glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. (2003) and Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2012) also reported J. curcas as introduced in the Caribbean. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PIER, 2015. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Curcas drastica Mart. A number of studies have identified significant differences in oil yield from different provinces in Indian states. Genus: Jatropha L. Jatropha curcas L. This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax; Jatropha curcas var. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. ... Common Names. Fusariummoniliforme [Gibberella fujikuroi] has been reported as causing root rot of J. curcas in India (Sharma et al., 2001). Plants will self-seed and have the potential to spread. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Recherches sur la graine et l'huile de PurghFre ou Pignon d'Inde (Jatropha curcas L.). Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-ARS, 2015. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. In extensive areas, infestations should be fenced off to prevent grazing and to limit the movement of contaminated vehicles and stock. Botanical name: Jatropha curcas. The Plants Database includes the following 14 species of Jatropha . Preparations of all parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine as a laxative, emetic, cough treatment, and for healing wounds (Crothers, 1998; Heller, 1996), as a purgative and styptic, for toothache and strengthens gums, and to treat diarrhoea. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. A Purgueira e o seu oleo. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3. Journal of Applied Entomology, 122(9/10):515-521; 19 ref, Grimm C, Somarriba A, 1998. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. World Checklist of Euphorbiaceae., Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (1 May 1753) Annotation: as "Curcas" Type-Protologue Locality: 'America calidiore' Type Specimens Effect of green manure on rice production. It may regrow from parts of any broken, tuberous roots. Another common name is nettlespurge. Recommendations on control of the related J. gossypiifolia suggest that individual or scattered mature plants can be treated with a cut stump application of diesel fuel or a registered herbicide, whereas larger infestations should be treated with suitable foliar or soil-applied herbicides (Pitt, 1999). J. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Griseb., subg. 13 DAS Jatropha curcas x integerrima (4635562762).jpg 1,024 × 522; 639 KB. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Characteristics of physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. as a new biomass crop in the tropics. J. curcas also yields a dye which is used to give tan and brown shades and can also be used for making ink. 52 Physic nut. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USA, USDA-NRCS, 2008. Need for generating baseline data for monitoring insecticide resistance in leaf webber cum fruit borer, Pempelia morosalis (Saalm Uller), the key pest of biofuel crop, Jatropha curcas. Physic nut (Jatropha curcas). Agroforestry Realities, Possibilities and Potentials. Livestock also assist in the spread through the movement of seed and aid in establishment by the selective grazing of other more palatable but competitive species (Pitt, 1999). When the seed shell splits, the radicle emerges and four small peripheral roots are formed. New plant sources for food and industry in India. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture. Barbados nut, Nutmeg plant, Physic nut. http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Crothers M, 1998. In laboratory experiments, ground J. curcas capsules showed molluscidal activity against the host of liver fluke (Lymnaea auricularia rubiginosa) (Agaceta et al., 1981). 111 DAS Jatropha curcas x integerrima (4635603714).jpg 652 × 1,024; 732 KB. One of the most studied antimicrobial chemicals is curcin. Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. Version 1.1. National Science Development Board (NSDM) Tech. Plants produce separate male and female flowers Its increasing infestation in pasture lands, forests, and National Parks is becoming a potential threat to existing biodiversity. Preferred Scientific Name. In: Crop improvement, production technology, trade and commerce. Jatropha curcas L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Jatropha (family Euphorbiaceae). In: Toxic plants and other natural toxicants [ed. 46, Cabral A, 1991. The fruit releases three large black seeds (nuts), each about 2 cm long and 1 cm in diameter. Tropicos database. In: Biofuels: Towards a Greener and Secure Energy Future [ed. It is native to Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean, but has been widely planted throughout the tropics for a number of commercial uses, perhaps now most predominately for production of biofuel. (2006) and Low and Booth (2007), and further comparison of positive and negative impacts are required for J. curcas as well as many other biofuel crops. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders. Physic nut. Jatropha curcas – A multipurpose African traditional medicinal plant. Oily seeds are used to make a variety of products ranging from candles to biofuel to fertilizers. da Cunha, Lisbon, Portugal, Chitra Shanker, Dhyani SK, 2006. http://plants.usda.gov/, Wang SC, Huffman JB, 1981. ex Lanj.. Curcas purgans Medik.. Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax. Branches have smooth gray bark and exude watery white latex when cut. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 2:12, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Jatropha curcas L. Econ. A leaf miner was also found infesting J. curcas in India (Mohommad et al., 2007), but the key pest attacking J. curcas in southern India identified by Regupathy and Ayyasamy (2006) was the leaf webber cum fruit borer, Pempelia morosalis (Saalm Uller). Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Re-examination of the antimicrobial activities of Xylopia aethiopica, Carica papaya, Ocimum gratissimum and Jatropha curcas. by Govil J N, Pandey J, Shivakumar B G, Singh V K]. Positive (inhibitory) allelopathic effects of some obnoxious weeds on germination and seedling vigour of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.). by Flora of China Editorial Committee]. Grierson AJC, Long DG, 1987. Insufficient evidence of Jatropha curcas L. invasiveness: experimental observations in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Further cladistic analysis supported the Dehgan and Webster (1979) evolutionary model of the genus Jatropha. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. (RTflexions sur les cultures olTagineuses TnergTtiques. Publishing LLC, Paroda RS, Mal B, 1989. Fruit development needs 90 days from flowering to seed maturation. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of India., Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers. EEB Greenhouses assume no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plants referred to on this site. In: Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Yuncker TG, 1959. PN 93.2202.5-01.100. [English title not available]. Gov. In: The PLANTS Database, Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Workshop Petrocrops. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Goswami, 2006 and other chapters in the same book). (Plant Sci. (2015) have observed dispersal by small mammals and arthropods, particularly rodents and ants, and state that up to 98% secondary dispersal by animals was recorded at some sites. Invasive weed risk assessment of three potential bioenergy fuel species. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Yellow green flowers bloom in spring. - Le PourghFre (Jatropha curcas L.): un carburant possible. In: OlTagineux, 39 (5) 283-287. London, UK: George Allen and Unwin, 93-102, Berhaut J, 1975. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. Renewable Energy Res. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(1):49-53. http://www.ansinet.org/pjbs, Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Vegetative growth occurs mainly in the rainy season, with little increment in the dry season, and like many other Jatropha species, J. curcas is a succulent that sheds its leaves during the dry season.Environmental Requirements Another scutellarid, Agonosoma trilineatum is also a serious problem from seed-feeding, and red pumpkin beetles (Aulacophora foveicollis) are also found to infest the leaves (Sharma, 2006). Family: Euphorbiaceae. Negussie et al. The closest relatives of J. curcas from karyotypes were J. multifida and J. gossypifolia, which were also noted as very similar morphologically (Soontornchainaksaeng and Jenjittikul, 2003). New Delhi, India: Publication and Information Directorate, Regupathy A, Ayyasamy R, 2006. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp, Gordon DR, Tancig KJ, Onderdonk DA, Gantz CA, 2011. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Insufficient evidence of, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/, Sherchan DP, Thapa YB, Khadka RJ, Tiwari TP, 1989. Invasiveness risk of the tropical biofuel crop, Negussie A, Achten WMJ, Norgrove L, Hermy M, Muys B, 2013. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp. IMPORTANT NOTE: Plant Uses are for informational purposes only. In Zambia, primary seed dispersal of J. curcas was limited: rodents and shrews dispersed and predated seeds and fruits, but none of the seeds repositioned in their burrows could establish (Negussie et al., 2013a). 480. Beitr. Capsules ellipsoidal or globose, 2.5-3 cm, yellow. The life-cycle of P. klugii was studied by Grimm and Somarriba (1998), who described this species as a key pest of J. curcas in Nicaragua. Broad intra- and inter-populational variation was also assessed using molecular markers (Basha and Sujatha, 2007) and peroxidase enzyme activity (Kumar et al., 2005).Reproductive BiologyJ. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of India. http://www.invasives.org.au/downloads/isc_weedybiofuels_oct07.pdf, Makkar HPS, Becker K, 1998. The flora of Guam. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Australia, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008. Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Two species, J. afrocurcas and J. macrophylla, are of East African origin, whereas all the other species in this section are native to the Americas. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Curcas indica A.Rich; Curcas lobata Splitg. Das Pflanzenreich IV, Leipzig, Germany: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 147(42):1-148, Persinos GJ, Quimby MW, Schermerhorn JW, 1964. File size: 22812 bytes - Views: 216 Madras Agricultural Journal, 70(7):490, Singh RP, 1970. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. It is regarded in most countries, in Africa as well as in the East, as the 'castor oil plant', which shows that it was brought in and planted for the oil and it is widely known as the 'hedge castor oil plant', showing where it was mostly planted. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Soc., 70:92-101, Witt, A., Luke, Q., 2017. Curcas ; Common Name: Barbados nut, physic nut Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsular, Vols I & II. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Fungi recorded on Jatropha curcas L. seed collected in India. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp, Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL, 1979. Club, 72:271-294, Merrill, 1903. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), No.31:105-112, Spaan W, Bodnár F, Idoe O, De Graaff J, 2004. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Agnote No. In: Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Bongali-botora, Bhenda, Salika Kund, Bongali-era, Bongali-bhotora ... Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Cakes remaining after pressing can be further used for producing biogas and fertilizers. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. World Checklist of Euphorbiaceae. In Chhattisgarh, India, hand weeding is common practice for the control of J. curcas (Oudhia and Tripathi, 2002). rufa McVaugh Jatropha Curcas or Ratanjot, Van Erand, Moghal Erand offers great hope of being developed as a rich source of Biodiesel. Crop Improvement, Production, Technology, Trade and Commerce. Bionotes, 8(4):103, Shelke SS, Jadhav LD, Salunkhe GN, 1985. Height: 15-20 feet. Instituto de Agronomia e Veterinaria, Lisboa, Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander SN, 2007. Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp. Bull. In: Engler A, ed. Fruiting behaviour indicates that the plant might selectively eliminate the growing offspring, especially the geitonogamous fruit, to allocate the resources available mostly for xenogamous fruit, and the ability to self-pollinate through geitonogamy is considered to be adaptive for J. curcas colonization (Raju and Ezradanam, 2002).