The bad news, the early symptoms of rabies are often misinterpreted as flu symptoms because they are similar in nature. You may greatly decrease chances of rabies transmission by walking your dog on a leash, and supervising him while heâs outdoors. In fact, it is wise to safeguard your home against wild animals in the following ways: Contact your local animal control or fish and wildlife department for suggestions on how to handle nuisance wildlife. Cover or stuff holes larger than a quarter and caulk cracks that are 3/8-inch wide or larger. There are multiple phases of the rabies virus. Initially, a dog whoâs become infected may show extreme behavioral changes such as restlessness or apprehension, both of which may be compounded by aggression. Municipalities usually require proof of vaccination before issuing a dog license. Signs progress to restlessness, agitation, and overreaction to sights and sounds. Avoiding contact with wild animals is also necessary to prevention. Common side effects of rabies vaccine in dogs include low fever, fatigue, and localized swelling at the site of the injection. On the other hand, you must have complete information about Rabies disease and its symptoms because it does not take long to kill your canine friend. Report the incident to your local health department and follow their recommendations. Shyness 7. The symptoms will only appear after the incubation period ranging from 3 to 6 weeks. The dog might constantly scratch at the original bite site. Though preventable, there is good reason that the word ârabiesâ evokes fear in people. Restlessness 2. Sudden temperament changes, including friendly to fierce, could be an early sign of rabies. Rabies is a virus that may affect the brain and spinal cord of all mammals, including dogs, cats and humans. Because of the extreme itching it causes, pseudorabies is sometimes referred to as “mad itch.” The virus infects both dogs and cats -- primarily those living on farms -- as well as other domestic animals such as swine, cattle, sheep, and goats. Furious rabies is typically characterized by the dog having a voracious appetite, even eating nonfood items such as stones and dirt. Partial paralysis Its signs and symptoms appear quickly than dumb rabies because the virus travels from the nerve endings via the spinal cord to the brain. A dog may bite or snap at any form of stimulus, attacking other animals, humans and even inanimate objects. Difficulty swallowing 10. This stage will last from one to three days. This includes hives, minor swelling (especially around the face), acute onset of vomiting and/or diarrhea, and breathing changes. Some dogs may show symptoms of both types. You may need to get a series of injections in order to protect your health. Infected hosts may experience 1, 2 or more of these phases. Once the symptoms have appeared, Rabies is nearly always fatal. There's no doubt something is seriously wrong with him. Call your doctor immediately for instructions! Keep you and your dog safe. Excessive salivation 11. The following warning signs are associated with the earliest phase:1. Other common symptoms include fever, seizures, an inability to swallow, weakness and loss of coordination, drooling and excessive salivation, and hydrophobia, or a fear of water. After 1 to 3 days, the early symptoms will develop into one of two forms of rabies. This helps to strengthen the dog’s immunity to rabies and reduces the chances of the virus developing. As the virus progresses, an infected dog may become hypersensitive to touch, light and sound. Thats because they may start within a week but can last much longer. This earliest stage lasts between one and four days. The direct fluorescent antibody test is the most accurate test for diagnosis--but because it requires brain tissue, it can only be performed after the death of the animal. The virus usually incubates from two to eight weeks before signs are noticed. During the acute period or Prodromal phase, the changes in dogs are minimal but can be easily noticeable. Note: Do not attempt to handle or capture a wild animal, especially if he is acting strangely (i.e., a nocturnal animal who is out during the day, an animal who acts unusually tame). If your dog dies suddenly, wasn't up to date on his rabies vaccine and spent a lot of time outside -- especially if there was any evidence over the previous year that he'd suffered a bite -- call your veterinarian regarding brain testing for the rabies virus. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Irritability 8. The entire process from the beginning of the paralytic stage to death takes between two and four days. Since rabies presents a serious public health threat, dogs who are suspected of having the virus are most often euthanized. Rabies is caused by a virus that affects the central nervous system. Other times they only show up weeks later. Annually, rabies causes the deaths of more than 50,000 humans and millions of animals worldwide. If you must handle your dog, wear gloves and protective clothing. The dog's personality turns around 180 degrees. It can be transmitted by bites and scratches from an infected animal, often a dog. Since animals who have rabies secrete large amounts of virus in their saliva, the disease is primarily passed to dogs through a bite from an infected animal. A dog may bite or snap at any form of stimulus, attacking other animals, humans and even inanimate objects. Symptoms of Rabies in Dogs. Disorientation, incoordination and staggering may occur, caused by paralysis of the hind legs. Once symptoms appear, the disease results in fatality. Rabies was eradicated from all … Also, it will act in a lethargic way and remain confused. If your dog is bitten by a suspected rabid animal and is current on his vaccinations, your vet should give him a booster shot. The dog might constantly scratch at the original bite site. This could also be a mind-boggling phase for you (and your dog), so,you should be on the lookout for any of the symptoms below: Exhibition of sudden violent behavior in a dog that’s otherwise very calm A tendency to hide or seek solitude A tendency to becomes upset, snap or … Headache 3. Which Dogs Are Most at Risk for Contracting Rabies? Dog Weakness and Lethargy: Causes and Treatments. Check with your veterinarian about the right vaccine and vaccination schedule for your dog. Aggression 4. A rabies vaccine reaction can cause serious problems, but any vaccine has the potential to cause a reaction. Friendly dogs become aggressive, and shy dogs are suddenly friendly. The dog eventually will become paralyzed, unable to eat or drink. It's usually caught from the bite or scratch of an infected animal, most often a dog. Symptoms of Rabies in Dogs – Get inside the transmission, symptoms, and treatment of canine rabies, a disease that can also affect other species Rabies is a virus, a zoonosis ( a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans) currently almost eradicated, but even so, much feared. Not all dogs go through the furious phase. Anxiety 7. Unvaccinated dogs who are allowed to roam outdoors without supervision are most at risk for infection. A fever may also be present at this stage. Death usually follows violent seizures. There are two forms of rabies: paralytic and furious. A dog who is up to date with his vaccinations and who has been bitten by a possibly rabid animal should also be given a rabies booster immediately and kept under observation for 45 days. This form of rabies is known as dumb or paralytic rabies. The following are some of the symptoms of rabies in dogs. You might feel generally tired or weak. They may constantly lick, bite and chew at the site where they were bitten. Learn about rabies, a very serious but preventable disease that can be caught by dogs and people. Furious rabies is named after the hyperactivity and the turbulence behavior of the victims. Initial signs include behavior and personality changes, fearfulness, anxiety, shyness, withdrawal from people and other animals, and licking the site of the original bite wound. While state laws don't mandate vaccinations for dogs, there's one exception. The majority of reported cases involve wild animals like bats, raccoons and skunks, but does not exclude dogs or cats.