Keeping your mums alive from year to year all starts with selecting the right mums at the time of purchase. For overly large mums, this is also the time to split and divide them to create new plants. Keeping the soil moist will help plants stay healthy until you are ready to plant them. It is best not to allow a mum to wilt in the first 4-5 weeks after planting as this is the critical time in which premature budding can set in. It forces the plant to grow more shoots at a lower height, creating a fuller mum. You can also not get blooms if things get too cold before the buds are ready to bloom. Once mums bloom, deadheading can generate more blooms. When the blooms of mums become saturated with water, it weakens and fades them quickly. It’s not a perfect science for sure, but a great starting point to know if the mums you are buying or have can be saved. You should cut … Snip through the stem 3 to 5 inches below the old flower so the bare stem isn't visible. Cut the top growth back to the next branching growth area and the plant will produce more stems and bigger, more profuse buds. ( See : Our Homemade Potting Soil Recipe). 2. Excessive mulch combined with wet winter weather can trap moisture against plant stems or crowns, leaving them vulnerable to rot. Mums perform best in fertile, well-drained soil. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. But that sun … If you want to instead regrow your mums in a pot or container again, you will need to re-pot them with new potting soil. You should encourage fuller plant growth by pinching back new growth in spring, readying the mums for the fall blooms. Toss Them Out. If they have a good 4 to 6 weeks before the first frost, the roots have most likely set. There are two types of mums that are for sale in the fall – garden mums (hardy mums), and floral mums. If you see this, you know they are good for saving. Pinching encourages branching, which results in more buds -- but pinching after July removes the buds and reduces bloom. That being said, northern gardeners can leave the dead stems there to help insulate the roots from severe cold weather during winter. So how do you know the difference? No matter if they were in pots, hanging baskets – or even planted in the ground. Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. Cease any fertilizer applications and cut back on or completely stop watering. Keep Plants Cool And Shaded. If frost gets your mums, don't fret. Pinch off dead blooms to clean up the plant, but leave branches intact. The potted mums you buy in the fall dry out quickly since they are usually top heavy with bloom and have a relatively small amount of roots. With a hardiness from growing zones 5 to 9, it is these mums you want to purchase and save! We live in Mesa, AZ now, and did not know the timing for mums here. How to save your mums all depends on what they are in, and how you will be displaying them. If it's fall and your mums are not flowering, it's possible that they were forced into blooming earlier in the year, so they didn't develop enough new buds after the first flowering. Cut all of the plant's stems back to 6 to 8 inches above ground level either shortly after the mum has finished blooming or in late winter just as new growth emerges. Fertilize well to encourage blooms. After this, when wintering mums, it is best to provide a heavy layer of mulch over the plant after the ground has frozen. Mums do especially well if planted in soil that has compost added. With potted mums, the first key is to never let them endure a freeze in their pot or container. Floral mums on the other hand will not come back. They start budding around Labor Day and bloom soon after. This process involves removing spent flowers once the blooms start wilting. Caring for Mums. One side note about fall mums. Simple Secrets To Overwinter Your Hardy Mums, (See: How To Care For Mums In The Summer), Fall At The Farm! This means removing the early buds with pruners. Whether grouped with cornstalks and pumpkins, or simply left on their own, they bring autumn to life. Instead, water around the edges of pots and containers, or below the bloom line when watering with a hose. Once subjected to even the slightest of frost, they quickly succumb. The mulch for winterizing mums can be straw or leaves. Mums are photoperiodic plants that require long dark nights to bloom. For these mums, do not cut back the foliage until spring, as it will help provide protection for the first winter. Give them plenty of water in the week or so after planting, then give them about one inch per week after … As the warmer temperatures of spring roll around, it’s time for action! Mums are even-light bloomers, meaning they bloom when the days and nights are even in length. Especially when you consider most are tossed to the curb at the end of the season – even though the large majority sold are hardy varieties that can be kept and grown from year to year. In fact, after a long, hot summer many people can't wait to get rid of their spent annuals and replace them with colorful potted mums, already blooming and beautiful. How Do I Cut Back a Perennial Hollyhock Flower? Chrysanthemums will benefit from liquid fertilizer in early spring. Here is to overwintering your garden mums and saving them for next year! Pull excessive mulch back from around the base of the mums. Prepare mums for winter after the first hard frost. This article may contain affiliate links. After the Fall Bloom After your mums have finished blooming in the fall, and the foliage has gone completely dormant, you can cut the dead stems back to just above the ground. Always move your mums to safety on nights with a freeze, or extremely low temperatures in the forecast. The easiest method is to simply plant your mums into the landscape. Mums prefer rich, fertile and well draining soil, so adding compost when planting is a big key to success. Talk about a serious savings to the pocketbook! Get mums out of their pots and into the ground soon after purchase. Florist mums have many possible bloom forms, including quilled, pompon, spider, and more. To do their best, chrysanthemums should be planted in well-drained beds that receive at least six hours of sun daily. Even with heavy mulching. Before bringing indoors, cut the mum back a few inches above the potted soil line. Now on to saving those mums! Usually, mums bloom in fall. How To Save Mums! After this happens, cut the top growth back and cover all the plants with a thick layer of mulch.The following spring, after the threat of frost has passed, pull the mulch back off the plants. Do not resume fertilizing and regular irrigation until spring when new growth emerges. Chrysanthemum Bloom Time. With their shallow, tender roots, they simply do not have the root structure to withstand any cold at all. Mums have moderate maintenance requirements and benefit from some amount of care throughout much of the year, including after they finish blooming. When the threat of frost has passed, you can plant them as you would any other perennial. Chrysanthemums, commonly called by the nickname “mums,” are a popular fall flower that begins blooming in late summer or early autumn and can last until the frost hits. Cut mums back to within a few inches of the soil line before bringing indoors. Chrysanthemum 'Coral Cavali' Barbara L. Johnston/MCT Q: The blooms on my potted mums are spent. Occasional supplemental irrigation following blooming is generally only necessary if the plants are grown in an area protected from rainfall or during periods of extended dry weather, so that the soil around the mums does not dry out completely. Most potted mums are sold as "florist mums," according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. Watering outdoor mums is pretty much the same as indoor mums especially if they are still in their pots. As the days shorten after the summer solstice, mums... Pruning Mums to Force Blooms. Signs of overwatering include yellow leaves that turn black and fall off. All of which will help your mums to bloom later in the fall, instead of late summer. In addition, pruning helps to delay the timing of the buds that form. To receive our 3 Home, Garden, Recipe and Simple Life articles each week, sign up below for our free email list. If the mums produce spring blooms, pinch them back before late summer to encourage fall flowering. When your decorating season is over, or when the temps simply become too cold, it’s time to move the plant to safety for good. For starters, the plants are often labeled as “hardy”, or as a garden mum. If you plant young mum plants in the garden in spring or grow mums from the previous season, then pinch off the tips on their new stems when they are about 6 inches long, using your fingertips or shears that you wipe with rubbing alcohol after each cut to prevent the spread of plant diseases. As always, feel free to email us at email@example.com with comments, questions, or to simply say hello! One of the secrets to encouraging flowers on mums is to pinch them back. Plant in spring and divide every two years. Floral mums also usually tend to have smaller blooms. This allows for plenty of nutrients for the season. If you want your potted Mums to last as long as possible, deadheading is a must. They simply don’t have time to establish in the soil for protection. Old World Garden Farms At The Peak Of Autumn Color. Better Homes & Gardens Perennial Gardening; John Wiley & Sons, Taylor's Guide to Perennials; Barbara Ellis. How to Care for Mums After Blooming 1. Dispose of all portions of the mum you trim off away from the remaining mum plant and other desirable vegetation to prevent the spread of disease. Mums are synonymous with fall decorating. Step 3 After deadheading, mist the plant lightly and water it in thoroughly. Simply cut apart into equal sections with a sharp knife or shovel and replant. Bury the Pots. Pinch the stems between mid-spring and midsummer to promote bushiness. Occasional supplemental irrigation... 3. Will Mums Bloom Twice in a Pot? Cut or pinch off individual flowers back to a larger stem as soon as each flower has finished blooming to maintain a somewhat neater appearance, if desired. Mulch up to 4 inches with straw or shredded hardwood around the plants. Plants can either be sheared off, or simply pinched back by hand. Mums (Chrysanthemum moriflorum and Dendranthema grandiflora) are herbaceous perennials cultivated across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, although the growing range varies between cultivars and many mums are treated as annuals even in warm areas. Did you know that with just a little bit of care, you can save your hardy potted and container mums to grow again next year? As soon as the flowers finish blooming, cut off or detach individual flowers to a larger stem for a neater appearance. The goal is to allow them to go dormant without freezing. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Make no mistake, chrysanthemums thrive in full sun. (See: How To Care For Mums In The Summer). But can they ever be expensive! And when it comes to potted mums, that means indoors for the first winter, and not outside in the ground. Water plants regularly. 2. Occasional irrigation can only be deemed necessary during periods of extended dry weather or if the mums are planted in an area that is shielded from rainfall. Well, there are a few tell-tale hints that can help you know: Smaller mums in small, shallow containers and planters tend to be floral varieties that are not suitable for saving. If you wish to divide the mums to create multiple new plants or rejuvenate an old mum by removing and discarding the plant's center, dig up and divide the plant in late winter or early spring just as new growth emerges. In fact, it can cut a bloom’s life span in half! Best of all, it’s not hard to do. When we spotted new mum leaves coming up in this constantly shady area, we put it into a large … Remember that mums left in the landscape can be left there overwinter. Fertilizing actually decreases the longevity of your mum plant and its flowers at this point in its life. In closing, just a few more tips for keeping your mums looking great. If the roots have grown too big for the same size pot, and they likely are, move to a larger vessel, or split and divide to allow room for root growth. Water chrysanthemums frequently, because they have a shallow root system that … Chrysanthemums are short-day plants. In colder climates your mums may need to mulched using leaves, wood chips, or straw. One option is to try to overwinter the mums by burying the pots in the garden. This layer of … But what if they are not labeled? Let’s first talk about mums in containers or baskets. If you cut the mums back to the ground, fewer stems will grow next year. If your spring is mild, and you plant the mums in early March, you may get a spring bloom. A Few More Tips For Keeping Potted Mums Looking Great. But if you dug them up to pot them, you will once again need to overwinter indoors until next spring. What Do I Do With My Potted Mums After They Die? Garden mums are a true perennial, and with a little fall preparation, can be kept and grown year after year. Water mums daily while they're blooming. Chrysanthemums do not normally bloom twice. Like with all container and basket plants, wait until the threat of frost has passed to pot up. Not Preparing Your Mums for Winter. This will keep the mums foliage tight and close, and allow the timing of the blooms for fall and not late summer. Meanwhile, larger mums in larger pots most often tend to be savable garden mums. A yellow mum given to is in December in bloom, was put into the ground after it had no more flowers. You may opt to leave the stems intact until spring growth develops if you find the dead stems of winter interest or valuable to wildlife. Be sure to keep plants well watered for the first few weeks to help establish them in the soil. Cease any fertilizer applications and cut back on or completely stop watering. Remove and replace the mulch if the mums experienced disease or pest problems during the growing season. When watering, water at the base of the plant and not through the buds or flowers on top. In fact, with just a bit of care, you can overwinter hardy mums with ease. If you happen to get a late season mum, you could easily be clearing the garden before they bloom. — … As soon as the first hard frost occurs in your garden in fall, it's … Unfortunately, mums planted back into the ground in late fall have little chance for survival. Mums love … Mulch should be about three or four inches high and surround the entire base of your mums. Mums will generally lose their top growth after a hard frost and go dormant for the winter. If the mum was bothered by fungi or pests at all during the growing season you should cut the plant back immediately after flowering to avoid overwintering any pathogens on the plant. As mentioned above, removing wilted blooms and dead stems or leaves helps your mums bloom for an extended time. After the mums start to flower, cut off the dead blooms as soon as they begin to wilt. Monitor fertilizer salt levels in the growing medium and do periodic tissue tests to address any nutritional deficiencies or pH problems that might occur. Space mums about 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart, allowing them room to fill out. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. The goal is to allow them to go dormant without freezing. As your garden mums head into summer, you will need to pinch or cut off the blooms of your mums early on. To extend the beauty of your "Point Pelee" mum, water only when the soil becomes dry to the touch, never allow it to completely dry out and it will provide many weeks of enjoyment in your home. The following spring, as soon as soil warms and the threat of a hard freeze is over, it is safe to plant in the landscape. Mums can be cut back in early summer to avoid early blooming such as this. You will want to water them from time to time through the winter, but only lightly every few weeks. Mums can survive light frosts and cold fairly easy, but a hard freeze can kill roots in pots permanently. There's no need to fertilize your "Point Pelee" mum. Stop pinching the stems back after buds form, so as not to interfere with blooming. This late-summer fertilization can increase flowering, especially in areas with wet summers where rainfall has caused nutrients to leach from the soil. Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. Before bringing indoors, cut the mum back a few inches above the potted soil line. What can I do to get them to bloom again? Happy Gardening – Jim and Mary. Take care not to overwater your mums as soggy soil can prevent them from flowering and cause root rot. These plants are enjoyed for the plentiful, bright blooms they produce in fall as hours of daylight decrease. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Chrysanthemum, Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: Chrysanthemum, University of California Cooperative Extension Service: October Flower of the Month: Chrysanthemums, Utah State University Extension: Mum is Always the Word for Fall, Iowa State University Extension: Growing Chrysanthemums in the Garden, How to Care for Hardy Geraniums After Flowering. Cut or pinch off individual flowers back to a larger stem as soon as each flower has finished blooming to maintain a... 2. Otherwise, leave a mulch layer no more than a few inches thick around the mums and leave about a 6-inch mulch-free zone around the base of each plant. Keep mums … To deadhead the plant, simply use pruning scissors to cut a diagonal line on the stem. If you purchased your mums in early fall and planted them in the ground for display, they can be left to overwinter.
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